The Military Technical Institute of Armament and Ammunition was first established in 1961, when the Military Research and Evaluation Institute 011 was founded in Slavičín. Its field of expertise lied in artillery and infantry weaponry, including the ammunition and targeting and guiding systems.
In 1980s, the Institute was integrated into the newly established Research and Evaluation Institute 010 based in Prague. However, it remained in Slavičín as a detached facility and consequently, between 1994 and 2003, it started operating independently under a new name (Military Technical Institute of Armament and Ammunition, contribution organization) as a first contribution organization in the field of military research and development for the purposes of Czech Republic's military.
On October 1st, 2003, the Institute was assigned to the VOP-026 Šternberk, s.e., where it became a stand-alone division MTIAA Slavičín. In 2010, the VOP-026 Šternberk, s.e., merged with the VOP-025 Nový Jičín, s.e., into a new state enterprise named VOP CZ, s.e. For first time, there was not an independent organizational unit in Slavičín. However, in 2012, the division Slavičín was established again and on January 1st, 2013, it was transformed into a division of the newly formed MTI, s.e.